Polyethylene glycol calcium (PEG-Ca2+) transfection-mediated analysis allows rapid and efficient examination of gene function. To investigate the diverse cellular functions of genes of interest in plant cells, macromolecules, such as DNA, RNA, and proteins, are delivered into protoplasts prepared from somatic tissues or calli using a PEG-Ca2+ transfection procedure. To take advantage of this macromolecule delivery system in the reproductive and developmental biology of angiosperms, this study established a PEG-Ca2+ transfection system with isolated egg cells and zygotes. The conditions for PEG and plasmid DNA concentrations for transfection of rice egg cells were first addressed, and ~30% of PEG-Ca2+-transfected egg cells showed exogenous and transient expressions of fluorescent proteins from plasmid DNA delivered into the cells. Interestingly, a dual expression of two different fluorescent proteins in the same egg cell using two kinds of plasmid DNAs was also observed. For PEG-Ca2+ transfection with maize zygotes, ~80% of zygotes showed expression of GFP proteins from plasmid DNA. Importantly, PEG-transfected zygotes developed normally into cell masses and mature plants. These results suggest that the present PEG-Ca2+-mediated transient expression system provides a novel and effective platform for expressing and analyzing genes of interest in egg cells and zygotes. Moreover, combined with the CRISPR/Cas9 approach, the present transient expression system in zygotes will become a powerful and alternative tool for the preparation of gene-edited plants.