RRC ID 61091
Author Yanase S, Yasuda K, Ishii N.
Title Interaction between the ins/IGF-1 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways in molecular compensation of sod genes and modulation related to intracellular ROS levels in C. elegans.
Journal Biochem Biophys Rep
Abstract Superoxide dismutases, which catalytically remove intracellular superoxide radicals by the disproportionation of molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, are encoded by the sod-1 to -5 genes in the nematode C. elegans. Expression of the sod genes is mutually compensatory for the modulation of intracellular oxidative stress during aging. Interestingly, several-fold higher expression of the sod-1 to -4 was induced in a sod-5 deletion mutant, despite the low expression levels of sod-5 in wild-type animals. Consequently, this molecular compensation facilitated recovery of lifespan in the sod-5 mutant. In previous reports, two transcription factors DAF-16 and SKN-1 are associated with the compensatory expression of sod genes, which are downstream targets of the ins/IGF-1 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways activated under oxidative and heavy metal stresses, respectively. Here, we show that p38 MAPK signaling regulates induction of not only the direct expression of sod-1, -2 and -4 but also the indirect modulation of DAF-16 targets, such as sod-3 and -5 genes. Moreover, a SKN-1 target, the insulin peptide gene ins-5, partially mediates the expression of DAF-16 targets via p38 MAPK signaling. These findings suggest that the interaction of ins/IGF-1 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways plays an important role in the fine-tuning of molecular compensation among sod genes to protect against mitochondrial oxidative damage during aging.
Volume 23
Pages 100796
Published 2020-9
DOI 10.1016/j.bbrep.2020.100796
PII 100796
PMID 32875124
PMC PMC7451853
C.elegans ins-5(tm2560) sod-1(tm776) sod-5(tm1146)