Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) and HHV-6B use different cellular receptors, human CD46 and CD134, respectively and have different cell tropisms although they have 90% similarity at the nucleotide level. An important feature that characterizes HHV-6A/6B is the glycoprotein H (gH)/gL/gQ1/gQ2 complex (a tetramer) that each virus has specifically on its envelope. Here, to determine which molecules in the tetramer contribute to the specificity for each receptor, we developed a cell-cell fusion assay system for HHV-6A and HHV-6B that uses the cells expressing CD46 or CD134. With this system, when we replaced the gQ1 or gQ2 of HHV-6A with that of HHV-6B in the tetramer, the cell fusion activity mediated by glycoproteins via CD46 was lower than that done with the original-type tetramer. When we replaced the gQ1 or the gQ2 of HHV-6A with that of HHV-6B in the tetramer, the cell fusion mediated by glycoproteins via CD134 was not seen. In addition, we generated two types of C-terminal truncation mutants of HHV-6A gQ2 (AgQ2) to examine the interaction domains of HHV-6A gQ1 (AgQ1) and AgQ2. We found that amino acid residues 163 to 185 in AgQ2 are important for interaction of AgQ1 and AgQ2. Finally, to investigate whether HHV-6B gQ2 (BgQ2) can complement AgQ2, an HHV-6A genome harboring BgQ2 was constructed. The mutant could not produce an infectious virus, indicating that BgQ2 cannot work for the propagation of HHV-6A. These results suggest that gQ2 supports the tetramer's function, and the combination of gQ1 and gQ2 is critical for virus propagation.IMPORTANCE Glycoprotein Q2 (gQ2), an essential gene for virus propagation, forms a heterodimer with gQ1. The gQ1/gQ2 complex has a critical role in receptor recognition in the gH/gL/gQ1/gQ2 complex (a tetramer). We investigated whether gQ2 regulates the specific interaction between the HHV-6A or -6B tetramer and CD46 or CD134. We established a cell-cell fusion assay system for HHV-6A/6B and switched the gQ1 or gQ2 of HHV-6A with that of HHV-6B in the tetramer. Although cell fusion was induced via CD46 when gQ1 or gQ2 was switched between HHV-6A and -6B, the activity was lower than that of the original combination. When gQ1 or gQ2 was switched in HHV-6A and -6B, no cell fusion was observed via CD134. HHV-6B gQ2 could not complement the function of HHV-6A's gQ2 in HHV-6A propagation, suggesting that the combination of gQ1 and gQ2 is critical to regulate the specificity of the tetramer's function for virus entry.