RRC ID 67224
Author Rubiyatno, Kazuhiro Mori, Daisuke Inoue, Sunah Kim, Jaecheul Yu, Taeho Lee, Michihiko Ike, Tadashi Toyama
Title Isolation and Characterization of Euglena gracilis-Associated Bacteria, Enterobacter sp. CA3 and Emticicia sp. CN5, Capable of Promoting the Growth and Paramylon Production of E. gracilis under Mixotrophic Cultivation
Journal Microorganisms
Abstract Euglena gracilis produces paramylon, which is a feedstock for high-value functional foods and nutritional supplements. The enhancement of paramylon productivity is a critical challenge. Microalgae growth-promoting bacteria (MGPB) can improve microalgal productivity; however, the MGPB for E. gracilis remain unclear. This study isolated bacteria capable of enhancing E. gracilis growth and paramylon production under mixotrophic conditions. Enterobacter sp. CA3 and Emticicia sp. CN5 were isolated from E. gracilis grown with sewage-effluent bacteria under mixotrophic conditions at pH 4.5 or 7.5, respectively. In a 7-day E. gracilis mixotrophic culture with glucose, CA3 increased E. gracilis biomass and paramylon production 1.8-fold and 3.5-fold, respectively (at pH 4.5), or 1.9-fold and 3.5-fold, respectively (at pH 7.5). CN5 increased E. gracilis biomass and paramylon production 2.0-fold and 4.1-fold, respectively (at pH 7.5). However, the strains did not show such effects on E. gracilis under autotrophic conditions without glucose. The results suggest that CA3 and CN5 promoted both E. gracilis growth and paramylon production under mixotrophic conditions with glucose at pH 4.5 and 7.5 (CA3) or pH 7.5 (CN5). This study also provides an isolation method for E. gracilis MGPB that enables the construction of an effective E. gracilis–MGPB-association system for increasing the paramylon yield of E. gracilis.
Volume 9
Pages 1496
Published 2021-7-13
DOI 10.3390/microorganisms9071496
IF 4.167
Resource
Algae NIES-48