RRC ID 70667
Author Lörz AN, Oldeland J, Kaiser S.
Title Niche breadth and biodiversity change derived from marine Amphipoda species off Iceland.
Journal Ecol Evol
Abstract Understanding the ecological requirements and thresholds of individual species is crucial to better predict potential outcomes of climate change on species distribution. In particular, species optima and lower and upper limits along resource gradients require attention. Based on Huisman-Olff-Fresco (HOF) models, we determined species-specific responses along gradients of nine environmental parameters including depth in order to estimate niche attributes of 30 deep-sea benthic amphipods occurring around Iceland. We, furthermore, examined the relationships between niche breadth, occupancy, and geographic range assuming that species with a wider niche are spatially more widely dispersed and vice versa. Overall, our results reveal that species react very differently to environmental gradients, which is independent of the family affiliation of the respective species. We could infer a strong relationship between occupancy and geographic range and also relate this to differences in niche breadth; that is specialist species with a narrow niche had a more limited distribution and may thus be more threatened by changing environmental conditions than generalist species, which are more widespread. Given the preponderance of rare species in the deep sea, this implies that many species could be at risk. However, this must be carefully weighed against geographical data gaps in this area, given that many deep-sea areas are severely undersampled and the true distribution of most species is unknown. After all, our results underline that an accurate taxonomic classification is of crucial importance, without which ecological niche properties cannot be determined and which is hence fundamental for the assessment and understanding of changes in biodiversity in the face of increasing human perturbations.
Volume 12(4)
Pages e8802
Published 2022-4-6
DOI 10.1002/ece3.8802
PII ECE38802
PMID 35414894
Resource
GBIF Crustacea specimens of Toyama Science Museum Marine invertabrate(ARTHROPODA) specimen database of Osaka Museum of Natural History Marine Invertebrata specimen database of Osaka Museum of Natutal History