RRC ID 72280
Author Takano G, Esaki S, Goshima F, Enomoto A, Hatano Y, Ozaki H, Watanabe T, Sato Y, Kawakita D, Murakami S, Murata T, Nishiyama Y, Iwasaki S, Kimura H.
Title Oncolytic activity of naturally attenuated herpes-simplex virus HF10 against an immunocompetent model of oral carcinoma.
Journal Mol Ther Oncolytics
Abstract Prognosis for advanced oral carcinoma remains poor. Oncolytic virotherapy uses replication-competent viruses to infect and kill only the tumor cells. However, it has been difficult to investigate the oncolytic activity of viruses against oral carcinomas in mouse models. This study established a mouse model of oral cancer and investigated the in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor effects of HF10, a highly attenuated, replication-competent herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1. Mouse tongue cancer was induced by injecting 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide into the mouse tongue. The murine oral cancer cell line isolated from this tumor, named NMOC1, formed invasive carcinoma within a week when injected into mouse tongue. HF10 successfully infected, replicated, and spread in the cancer cells in vitro. HF10 was able to kill cancer cells isolated from human or mouse tongue tumor. HF10 injection into tongue carcinomas prolonged mouse survival without any side effects or weight loss. Intertumoral injection of GFP-expressing HF10 confirmed that viral spread was confined within the tumors. Immunohistochemical staining showed that HF10 induced infiltration of CD8-positive T cells around HSV-infected cells in the tumor mass, implying increased anti-tumor immunity. We successfully established an oral cancer cell line and showed that HF10 is a promising therapeutic agent for oral cancer.
Volume 20
Pages 220-227
Published 2021-3-26
DOI 10.1016/j.omto.2020.12.007
PII S2372-7705(20)30180-7
PMID 33665360
IF 4.115
Human and Animal Cells Vero(RCB0001)