RRC ID 72441
Author Li X, Wang L, Wang H, Qin A, Qin X.
Title Ano5 modulates calcium signaling during bone homeostasis in gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia.
Journal NPJ Genom Med
Abstract ANO5 encodes transmembrane protein 16E (TMEM16E), an intracellular calcium-activated chloride channel in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in ANO5 are associated with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD), a skeletal disorder causing the jaw deformity and long bone fractures. However, the coordinated mechanism by which ANO5 mediates bone homeostasis in GDD remains poorly defined. Here, we show that ablation of Ano5 reduced intracellular calcium transients, leading to defects in osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis and thus bone dysplasia. We found a causative de novo ANO5 frameshift insertion mutation (p.L370_A371insDYWRLNSTCL) in a GDD family with osteopenia, accompanied by a decrease in TMEM16E expression and impaired RANKL-induced intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) oscillations in osteoclasts. Moreover, using Ano5 knockout (KO) mice, we found that they exhibited low bone volume, abnormal calcium deposits, and defective osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation. We also showed that Ano5 deletion in mice significantly diminished [Ca2+]i oscillations in both osteoblasts and osteoclasts, which resulted in reduced WNT/β-Catenin and RANKL-NFATc1 signaling, respectively. Osteoanabolic treatment of parathyroid hormone was effective in enhancing bone strength in Ano5 KO mice. Consequently, these data demonstrate that Ano5 positively modulates bone homeostasis via calcium signaling in GDD.
Volume 7(1)
Pages 48
Published 2022-8-18
DOI 10.1038/s41525-022-00312-1
PII 10.1038/s41525-022-00312-1
PMID 35982081
PMC PMC9388649
Mice RBRC09798