Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and the most common subtype of lung cancer is adenocarcinoma. RhoQ is a Rho family GTPase with primary sequence and structural similarities to Cdc42 and RhoJ. RhoQ is involved in neurite outgrowth via membrane trafficking and is essential for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mature adipocytes. However, the function of RhoQ in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. In this study, RhoQ siRNAs were introduced into A549 and PC-9 cells. Expression level of EMT-related genes and invasion ability were investigated using Western blot and transwell assay. To examine the relationship between RhoQ expression and prognosis of LUAD, Kaplan-Meier plotter was used. We discovered that suppressing RhoQ expression promoted TGF-β-mediated EMT and invasion in LUAD cell lines. Furthermore, RhoQ knockdown increased Smad3 phosphorylation and Snail expression, indicating that RhoQ was involved in TGF/Smad signaling during the EMT process. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier plotter analysis revealed that low RhoQ levels were associated with poor overall survival in patients with LUAD. In conclusion, these findings shed light on RhoQ's role as a negative regulator of TGF-β-mediated EMT in LUAD.