RRC ID 73080
Author Watabe T, Kaneda-Nakashima K, Shirakami Y, Kadonaga Y, Ooe K, Wang Y, Haba H, Toyoshima A, Cardinale J, Giesel FL, Tomiyama N, Fukase K.
Title Targeted α-therapy using astatine (211At)-labeled PSMA1, 5, and 6: a preclinical evaluation as a novel compound.
Journal Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging
Abstract PURPOSE:Targeted α-therapy (TAT) for prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a promising treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Astatine is an α-emitter (half-life=7.2 h) that can be produced by a 30-MeV cyclotron. This study evaluated the treatment effect of 211At-labeled PSMA compounds in mouse xenograft models.
METHODS:Tumor xenograft models were established by subcutaneous transplantation of human prostate cancer cells (LNCaP) in NOD/SCID mouse. [211At]PSMA1, [211At]PSMA5, or [211At]PSMA6 was administered to LNCaP xenograft mice to evaluate biodistribution at 3 and 24 h. The treatment effect was evaluated by administering [211At]PSMA1 (0.40 ± 0.07 MBq), [211At]PSMA5 (0.39 ± 0.03 MBq), or saline. Histopathological evaluation was performed for the at-risk organs at 3 and 6 weeks after administration.
RESULTS:[211At]PSMA5 resulted in higher tumor retention compared to [211At]PSMA1 and [211At]PSMA6 (30.6 ± 17.8, 12.4 ± 4.8, and 19.1 ± 4.5 %ID/g at 3 h versus 40.7 ± 2.6, 8.7 ± 3.5, and 18.1 ± 2.2%ID/g at 24 h, respectively), whereas kidney excretion was superior in [211At]PSMA1 compared to [211At]PSMA5 and [211At]PSMA6. An excellent treatment effect on tumor growth was observed after [211At]PSMA5 administration. [211At]PSMA1 also showed a substantial treatment effect; however, the tumor size was relatively larger compared to that with [211At]PSMA5. In the histopathological evaluation, regenerated tubules were detected in the kidneys at 3 and 6 weeks after the administration of [211At]PSMA5.
CONCLUSION:TAT using [211At]PSMA5 resulted in excellent tumor growth suppression with minimal side effects in the normal organs. [211At]PSMA5 should be considered a new possible TAT for metastatic CRPC, and translational prospective trials are warranted.
Published 2022-11-8
DOI 10.1007/s00259-022-06016-z
PII 10.1007/s00259-022-06016-z
PMID 36344651
IF 7.704
Human and Animal Cells PC-3(RCB2145) LNCap.FGC(RCB2144)