RRC ID 75775
Author Holstein-Rønsbo S, Gan Y, Giannetto MJ, Rasmussen MK, Sigurdsson B, Beinlich FRM, Rose L, Untiet V, Hablitz LM, Kelley DH, Nedergaard M.
Title Glymphatic influx and clearance are accelerated by neurovascular coupling.
Journal Nat Neurosci
Abstract Functional hyperemia, also known as neurovascular coupling, is a phenomenon that occurs when neural activity increases local cerebral blood flow. Because all biological activity produces metabolic waste, we here sought to investigate the relationship between functional hyperemia and waste clearance via the glymphatic system. The analysis showed that whisker stimulation increased both glymphatic influx and clearance in the mouse somatosensory cortex with a 1.6-fold increase in periarterial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) influx velocity in the activated hemisphere. Particle tracking velocimetry revealed a direct coupling between arterial dilation/constriction and periarterial CSF flow velocity. Optogenetic manipulation of vascular smooth muscle cells enhanced glymphatic influx in the absence of neural activation. We propose that impedance pumping allows arterial pulsatility to drive CSF in the same direction as blood flow, and we present a simulation that supports this idea. Thus, functional hyperemia boosts not only the supply of metabolites but also the removal of metabolic waste.
Published 2023-6-1
DOI 10.1038/s41593-023-01327-2
PII 10.1038/s41593-023-01327-2
PMID 37264158
IF 20.071
Mice RBRC09650