RRC ID 76987
Author Sasaki T, Kuse Y, Nakamura S, Shimazawa M, Hara H.
Title Progranulin deficiency exacerbates cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction.
Journal FASEB Bioadv
Abstract Myocardial infarction (MI) is a lethal disease that causes irreversible cardiomyocyte death and subsequent cardiovascular remodeling. We have previously shown that the administration of recombinant progranulin (PGRN) protects against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. However, the post-MI role of PGRN remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of PGRN deficiency on cardiac remodeling after MI. Wild-type and PGRN-knockout mice were subjected to MI by ligation of the left coronary artery for histological, electrophysiological, and protein expression analysis. Cardiac macrophage subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were acquired and treated with LPS + IFN-γ and IL-4 to evaluate mRNA levels and phagocytic ability. PGRN expression was gradually increased in the whole heart at 1, 3, and 7 days after MI. Macrophages abundantly expressed PGRN at the border areas at 3 days post-MI. PGRN-knockout mice showed higher mortality, increased LV fibrosis, and severe arrhythmia following MI. PGRN deficiency increased the levels of CD206 and MerTK expression and macrophage infiltration in the infarcted myocardium, which was attributed to a larger subpopulation of cardiac CCR2+ Ly6Clow CD11b+ macrophages. PGRN-deficient BMDMs exhibited higher TGF-β, IL-4R, and lower IL-1β, IL-10 and increased acute phagocytosis following stimulation of LPS and IFN-γ. PGRN deficiency reduced survival and increased cardiac fibrosis following MI with the induction of abnormal subpopulation of cardiac macrophages early after MI, thereby providing insight into the relationship between properly initiating cardiac repair and macrophage polarization after MI.
Volume 5(10)
Pages 395-411
Published 2023-10-1
DOI 10.1096/fba.2023-00084
PII FBA21409
PMID 37810172
PMC PMC10551273
Mice RBRC02370