RRC ID 77573
Author Kato T, Mitsukura Y, Yoshida K, Mimura M, Takata N, Tanaka KF.
Title Oscillatory population-level activity of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons is inscribed in sleep structure.
Journal J Neurosci
Abstract Dorsal raphe (DR) 5-HT neurons regulate sleep-wake transitions. Previous studies demonstrated that single-unit activity of DR 5-HT neurons is high during wakefulness, decreases during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, and ceases during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. However, characteristics of the population-level activity of DR 5-HT neurons, which influence the entire brain, are largely unknown. Here, we measured population activities of 5-HT neurons in the male and female mouse DR across the sleep-wake cycle by ratiometric fiber photometry. We found a slow oscillatory activity of compound intracellular Ca2+ signals during NREM sleep. The trough of the concave 5-HT activity increased across sleep progression, but 5-HT activity always returned to that seen during the wake period. When the trough reached a minimum and remained there, REM sleep was initiated. We also found a unique coupling of the oscillatory 5-HT activity and wide-band EEG power fluctuation. Furthermore, optogenetic activation of 5-HT neurons during NREM sleep triggered a high EMG power and induced wakefulness, demonstrating a causal role of 5-HT neuron activation. Optogenetic inhibition induced REM sleep or sustained NREM, with an EEG power increase and EEG fluctuation, and pharmacological silencing of 5-HT activity using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor led to sustained NREM, with an EEG power decrease and EEG fluctuation. These inhibitory manipulations supported the association between oscillatory 5-HT activity and EEG fluctuation. We propose that NREM sleep is not a monotonous state, but rather it contains dynamic changes that coincide with the oscillatory population-level activity of DR 5-HT neurons.SIGNIFICANT STATEMENTPrevious studies have demonstrated single-cell 5-HT neuronal activity across sleep-wake conditions. However, population-level activities of these neurons are not well understood. We monitored dorsal raphe (DR) 5-HT population activity using a fiber photometry system in mice and found that activity was highest during wakefulness and lowest during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Surprisingly, during non-REM sleep, the 5-HT population activity decreased with an oscillatory pattern, coinciding with EEG fluctuations. EEG fluctuations persisted when DR 5-HT neuron activity was silenced by either optogenetic or pharmacological interventions during non-REM sleep, suggesting an association between the two. Although oscillatory DR 5-HT neuron activity did not generate EEG fluctuations, it provides evidence that non-REM sleep exhibits at least binary states.
Volume 42(38)
Pages 7244-55
Published 2022-8-12
DOI 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2288-21.2022
PII JNEUROSCI.2288-21.2022
PMID 35970565
PMC PMC9512575
IF 5.674
Mice RBRC05454 RBRC05842 RBRC09550 RBRC05846