RRC ID 80667
Author Nakanishi A, Yomogita M, Horimoto T.
Title Evaluation of Cellular Responses by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in Media Containing Dairy-Processing Residues Derived from Cheese as Nutrients by Analyzing Cell Growth Activity and Comprehensive Gene Transcription Levels.
Journal Microorganisms
Abstract Utilities of whey powder (WP) and whey protein concentrate 34% powder (WPC34) prepared as dairy-processing residues were evaluated using a green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Analysis of C. reinhardtii growth showed that the strain used WP and WPC34 as nitrogen sources. Its specific growth rate and maximum cell density in WP-containing medium were higher than those in WPC34-containing medium; growth with WPC34 was improved by adding KCl or K2HPO4, which content was decreased as a result of WPC34's preparation from WP. Although the lipid contents in media containing dairy-processing residues were 2.72 ± 0.31 wt% and 2.62 ± 0.20 wt% with no significant difference, the composition ratio of fatty acid C14 with WPC34 was higher than that with WP and the composition ratio of the sum of fatty acid-C16 and -C18 with WPC34 tended to be lower than that with WP. Additionally, analyses of gene transcription showed that the transcription level of acetyl-CoA carboxylase biotin carboxyl carrier protein in WPC34-containing medium was lower than that in WP-containing medium, possibly affecting the ratios of the chain lengths of fatty acids. The transcription of genes involved in glycolysis and the TCA cycle was outstandingly lower in algae grown in WPC34-containing medium when compared to those cultivated in the presence of WP, resulting in differences in energy production for cell proliferation.
Volume 12(4)
Published 2024-3-31
DOI 10.3390/microorganisms12040715
PII microorganisms12040715
PMID 38674659
PMC PMC11052199
Algae NIES-2235