RRC ID 80965
Author Yamamoto R, Segawa R, Kato H, Niino Y, Sato T, Hiratsuka M, Hirasawa N.
Title Identification of amino acids in transmembrane domains of mutated cytokine receptor-like factor 2 and interleukin-7 receptor α required for constitutive signal transduction.
Journal Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr
Abstract Cytokine receptor-like factor 2 (CRLF2) and interleukin-7 receptor α (IL-7Rα) form a receptor for thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). A somatic mutation consisting of the substitution of five amino acids (SLLLL) in the transmembrane domain of CRLF2 with three amino acids, including glutamic acid, isoleucine, and methionine (insEIM), which has been identified in acute lymphocytic leukemia, causes the TSLP-independent dimerization with IL-7Rα and activation. However, the dimerization mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we examined the involvement of the amino acids in the transmembrane domains of EIM CRLF2 and IL-7Rα in TSLP-independent activation. HEK293 cells were transfected with vectors encoding CRLF2 and IL-7Rα, or their mutants, in which the amino acid of the transmembrane domain was replaced with alanine. STAT5 phosphorylation was detected using western blotting, and receptor dimerization was analyzed using the NanoBiT assay. The substitution of glutamic acid within the insEIM mutation for alanine failed to cause the STAT5 phosphorylation in the absence of TSLP. Moreover, the alanine substation of the specific leucine residues in the transmembrane domains of both CRLF2 and IL-7Rα abrogated the TSLP-independent signal transduction and dimerization. The mutation of IL-7Rα W264 partially reduced the phosphorylation of STAT5 without affecting receptor dimerization. These results suggest that the amino acids in the transmembrane domains of EIM CRLF2 and IL-7Rα play at least three possible functions: interaction through hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic interaction, and signal transduction. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the function of the transmembrane domains of cytokine receptors in their dimerization and signal transduction.
Pages 184359
Published 2024-6-9
DOI 10.1016/j.bbamem.2024.184359
PII S0005-2736(24)00090-7
PMID 38862034
Human and Animal Cells 293(RCB1637)