RRC ID 10986
Author Thanh PT, Phan PD, Ishikawa R, Ishii T.
Title QTL analysis for flowering time using backcross population between Oryza sativa Nipponbare and O. rufipogon.
Journal Genes Genet. Syst.
Abstract In the near future, global average temperature is expected to increase due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases, and increased temperatures will cause severe sterility in many crop species. In rice, since wild species show high genetic variation, they may have the potential to improve the flowering characters of cultivars. In this study, we investigated flowering characters under natural conditions by comparing an Asian wild rice accession of Oryza rufipogon W630 (originated from Myanmar) with a Japanese rice cultivar, O. sativa Japonica cv. Nipponbare. Further, QTL analysis for days to heading (DH) and spikelet opening time (SOT: the time of day when the spikelet opens) was carried out using BC(2)F(8) backcross population derived from the cross between them. Regarding DH, four QTLs were detected, and two of them were found to have wild alleles with strong effects leading to longer days to heading during the Japanese summer. These wild alleles may be used to produce late-heading cultivars that do not flower during the high summer temperatures anticipated in the future. As for SOT, two parameters of SOTb (beginning time when the first spikelet opens) and SOTm (median time when 50% of the spikelets open) were recorded and the time differences from Nipponbare were investigated. Two QTLs on chromosomes 5 and 10 and two QTLs on chromosomes 4 and 5 were detected for SOTb and SOTm, respectively. The wild alleles were responsible for early spikelet opening time at all loci. If the wild alleles detected in this study have the same effects in the genetic background of other cultivars, they will be very useful in producing early-flowering rice cultivars that complete fertilization in the morning before the temperature rises.
Volume 85(4)
Pages 273-9
Published 2010
PII JST.JSTAGE/ggs/85.273
PMID 21178307
MeSH Climate Flowers / growth & development* Hot Temperature Humidity Inbreeding Japan Oryza / genetics* Oryza / growth & development* Quantitative Trait Loci* Time Factors
IF 0.913
Resource
Rice W0630