RRC ID 11289
Author Tsurumaru S, Kawamori A, Mitsumasu K, Niimi T, Imai K, Yamashita O, Yaginuma T.
Title Disappearance of chorion proteins from Bombyx mori eggs treated with HCl solution to prevent diapause.
Journal J. Insect Physiol.
Abstract Bombyx mori eggs enter diapause immediately after completion of mesoderm segregation. HCl treatment of approximately 24-hour-old eggs (germband formation stage) is well known to be the most effective procedure to prevent entry into diapause, although the molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we examined the protein composition of diapausing and nondiapausing eggs after various HCl treatments known to prevent or break diapause and found that proteins of approximately 11 and 8 kDa disappeared immediately after HCl treatment. Partial amino acid sequences of these proteins indicated that they were members of the chorion class A protein L12 family synthesized in follicle cells. Under the hypothesis that the chorion provides a barrier to oxygen, dechorionation of diapausing eggs induces resumption of embryonic development. Hence, to test this and other hypotheses about the function of these proteins, we used 20% SDS-PAGE with Coomassie Brilliant Blue staining to trace their disappearance from embryos and eggshells after treatment with HCl under different conditions and on polyvoltine, univoltine, and bivoltine silkworm races. Even when 10-day-old diapausing eggs were treated with HCl, which did not break diapause, the 11 and 8 kDa proteins disappeared. Our results suggest that disappearance of these proteins is not directly associated with preventing entry into or breaking a diapause state. Nevertheless, our results cannot completely rule out the possibility that the 11 and 8 kDa proteins function to block permeability of O(2) during the period when HCl treatment is physiologically effective to prevent diapause so that after the diapause system is established within the egg, even removing the 11 and 8 kDa proteins may not affect to prevent diapause. We also discuss the role of these proteins in choriogenesis.
Volume 56(12)
Pages 1721-7
Published 2010-12
DOI 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.07.004
PII S0022-1910(10)00215-5
PMID 20637776
MeSH Amino Acid Sequence Animals Bombyx / physiology* Egg Proteins / physiology* Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Female Hydrochloric Acid / pharmacology Insect Proteins / physiology* Metamorphosis, Biological / drug effects Metamorphosis, Biological / physiology* Molecular Sequence Data Neuropeptides / physiology* Sequence Alignment Sequence Analysis, Protein
IF 2.227
Times Cited 5
Silkworms NA