RRC ID 12056
Author Akamaru Y, Ito T, Uchikoshi F, Maeda A, Tori M, Kiyomoto T, Komoda H, Miao G, Matsuda H.
Title Ex vivo and systemic transfer of adenovirus-mediated CTLA4Ig gene combined with a short course of FK506 therapy prolongs islet graft survival.
Journal Transpl Immunol
Abstract Adenovirus-mediated CTLA4Ig gene transfer has been reported to enhance graft survival in several rodent transplantation models. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of ex vivo and systemic transfer of the CTLA4Ig gene by adenoviral vectors in pancreatic islet allo-transplantation. Islet grafts from BN rats were transplanted to chemically induced diabetic LEW rats. First, ex vivo CTLA4Ig gene transfer into isolated islets was performed prior to transplantation. Survival of transduced grafts under the kidney capsule was slightly prolonged (8.6+/-1.3 days) compared with survival of untransduced grafts (6.7+/-1.2 days); when combined with a short course of FK506, graft survival was further extended (32.6+/-10.7 days vs. 13.7+/-1.0 days with FK506 alone). Secondly, systemic gene transfer was accomplished by intravenous administration immediately after the transplantation procedure. In these animals, islet grafts under the kidney capsule survived longer (15.2+/-3.3 days) than in controls (6.7+/-1.2 days), and when FK506 was administered perioperatively, all the islet grafts survived for more than 100 days. In systemically transduced recipients, the survival of islet grafts transplanted into the liver was not significantly different from that of the grafts placed under the kidney capsule. In order to examine organ-specific immunogenicity, heterotopic BN cardiac grafts were transplanted to LEW rats intra-abdominally, with the virus transferred systemically as in the islet model. In contrast to the islet grafts, all the cardiac grafts were accepted for longer than 100 days, even without FK506 therapy. Finally, the LEW recipients with long-surviving islet or cardiac grafts were re-transplanted with islet grafts from the same donor strain (BN) on day 100. The second islet grafts survived longer than 100 days in half of the cardiac recipients, but consistently failed in the islet recipients. We conclude that in this transplant model, CTLA4Ig gene transfer and FK506 treatment synergistically improved islet graft survival, systemic transfer of the gene was more effective than ex vivo transfer to the islets, and donor-specific tolerance could not be achieved for islet transplantation but was achieved for cardiac transplantation.
Volume 11(1)
Pages 91-100
Published 2003-1-1
DOI 10.1016/S0966-3274(02)00153-3
PII S0966-3274(02)00153-3
PMID 12727480
MeSH Abatacept Adenoviridae* Animals Gene Transfer Techniques* Genetic Vectors* Immunoconjugates / blood Immunoconjugates / genetics* Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology Islets of Langerhans / pathology Islets of Langerhans Transplantation / immunology Rats Tacrolimus / pharmacology Transplantation Tolerance / drug effects Transplantation Tolerance / immunology
IF 1.624
Times Cited 8
DNA material AxCALacZ Adex1CAlacZ (RDB02726)