RRC ID 12151
Author Kinoshita Y, Kono T, Yasumoto R, Kishimoto T, Wang CY, Haas GP, Nishisaka N.
Title Antitumor Effect on Murine Renal Cell Carcinoma by Autologous Tumor Vaccines Genetically Modified with Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor and Interleukin-6 Cells.
Journal J. Immunother.
Abstract SUMMARY: The authors evaluted the efficacy of vaccination with murine renal cell carcinoma (Renca) secreting the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene and interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene for the treatment of Renca tumor. Murine GM-CSF and murine IL-6 genes were introduced and expressed in Renca cells (Renca-GM-CSF and Renca-IL-6). For a prevaccination study, wild-type Renca cells were injected subcutaneously into Balb/c mice that had been vaccinated three times with inactivated wild-type Renca, Renca-GM-CSF, Renca-IL-6, or a mixture of Renca-GM-CSF and Renca-IL-6 cells 7, 14, and 21 days before this tumor inoculation. For vaccination experiments, Renca tumor-bearing (8 to 10 mm) mice were injected subcutaneously weekly for 3 weeks with inactivated wild-type Renca cells, or either one or a combination of Renca-GM-CSF and Renca-IL-6. A nonvaccinated control was included in all experiments. The animals were monitored for survival and tumor development for 8 weeks. Mice inoculated with wild-type Renca alone died from the tumor within 35 days. Renca-IL-6 grew slower than wild-type Renca (p < 0.05). No tumor was produced by Renca-GM-CSF. Prevaccination with the combination of Renca-GM-CSF and Renca-IL-6 prevented subsequently inoculated wild-type Renca from forming tumors, and prevaccination with either one of them, compared with prevaccination with wild-type Renca, retarded tumor growth and prolonged survival time. Tumor-bearing mice vaccinated with wild-type Renca died within 42 days. Vaccination with Renca-GM-CSF or Renca-IL-6 alone prolonged the survival time, but only Renca-GM-CSF drastically reduced the tumor size. Vaccination with the combination of them achieved complete remission. Neither of the cytokine-secreting cells enhanced the expression of MHC class I or II molecules. Autologous tumor cell vaccine secreting GM-CSF is effective in preventing and treating established tumors. Its efficacy is enhanced by the cosecretion of IL-6.
Volume 24(3)
Pages 205-211
Published 2001-5
PMID 11395635
IF 3.826
Resource
DNA material pBluescript SKII+mGM-CSF Mouse GM-CSF cDNA (RDB01469) pBluescript KS+mIL6 Mouse IL6 cDNA (RDB01474)