RRC ID 27760
Author Xiao B, Harada Y, Kawakami K, Nabika T.
Title A 1.8-Mbp fragment on chromosome 1 affects sympathetic response to stress: evaluation in reciprocal congenic strains between stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat and Wistar-Kyoto rat.
Journal J Hypertens
Abstract BACKGROUND:In the previous studies, we indicated that a gene (or genes) responsible for exaggerated sympathetic response to stress was located in a chromosome 1 QTL for blood pressure (BP) in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP). In this study, we narrowed down the candidate region to a 1.8-Mbp fragment between D1Rat171 and D1Wox33, and established reciprocal congenic strains for this region.
METHODS:Reciprocal congenic strains were established by introgressing the chromosomal segment from SHRSP/Izm into WKY/Izm (Wpch1.21) and vice versa (SPwch1.72). The urinary norepinephrine excretion (u-NE) was quantified with high-performance liquid chromatography in the urine collected under 6 h of cold stress (4°C). ECG was recorded using the telemetry under 3 h of restraint stress, and the relative sympathetic activity was evaluated as the low frequency/high frequency ratio by the power spectral analysis. BP under the stresses was evaluated by the telemetry.
RESULTS:The increases in the u-NE during the cold stress and in the low frequency/high frequency ratio under the restraint stress were significantly greater in Wpch1.21 when compared with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat. The increases in BP both under the cold and the restraint stresses were significantly greater in Wpch1.21 than in WKY. In the reciprocal congenic strain, SPwch1.72, the effects of the transferred fragment on the sympathetic stress responses were confirmed as lower u-NE and low frequency/high frequency in this strain than in SHRSP. Further, the BP responses both to the cold and the restraint stresses were significantly greater in SHRSP than in SPwch1.72.
CONCLUSION:These results indicated that a small fragment on chromosome 1 harbored a gene (or genes) influencing the sympathetic response to different stresses.
Volume 29(2)
Pages 257-65
Published 2011-2-1
DOI 10.1097/HJH.0b013e32834137cd
PMID 21063213
MeSH Animals Animals, Congenic Blood Pressure / genetics Chromosome Mapping Cold Temperature / adverse effects Electrocardiography Heart Rate / genetics Male Norepinephrine / urine Quantitative Trait Loci* Rats Rats, Inbred SHR / genetics Rats, Inbred WKY / genetics Restraint, Physical Stress, Physiological / genetics* Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology*
IF 4.171
Times Cited 12
Rats SHRSP.WKY-(D1Smu13-D1Arb21)/Izm(strainID=487) SHRSP.WKY-(Apbb1-D1Arb21)/Izm(strainID=488) SHRSP.WKY-(D1Wox29-D1Arb21)/Izm(strainID=480) WKY.SHRSP-(D1Wox29-D1Arb21)/Izm(strainID=318) WKY.SHRSP-(D1Smu13-D1Smu11)/Izm(strainID=319) WKY.SHRSP-(Ntrk3-D1Smu13)/Izm(strainID=320)