RRC ID 27762
Author Kodama Y, Fujishima M.
Title Synchronous induction of detachment and reattachment of symbiotic Chlorella spp. from the cell cortex of the host Paramecium bursaria.
Journal Protist
Abstract Paramecium bursaria harbor several hundred symbiotic Chlorella spp. Each alga is enclosed in a perialgal vacuole membrane, which can attach to the host cell cortex. How the perialgal vacuole attaches beneath the host cell cortex remains unknown. High-speed centrifugation (> 1000×g) for 1min induces rapid detachment of the algae from the host cell cortex and concentrates the algae to the posterior half of the host cell. Simultaneously, most of the host acidosomes and lysosomes accumulate in the anterior half of the host cell. Both the detached algae and the dislocated acidic vesicles recover their original positions by host cyclosis within 10min after centrifugation. These recoveries were inhibited if the host cytoplasmic streaming was arrested by nocodazole. Endosymbiotic algae during the early reinfection process also show the capability of desorption after centrifugation. These results demonstrate that adhesion of the perialgal vacuole beneath the host cell cortex is repeatedly inducible, and that host cytoplasmic streaming facilitates recovery of the algal attachment. This study is the first report to illuminate the mechanism of the induction to desorb for symbiotic algae and acidic vesicles, and will contribute to the understanding of the mechanism of algal and organelle arrangements in Paramecium.
Volume 164(5)
Pages 660-72
Published 2013-7-31
DOI 10.1016/j.protis.2013.07.001
PII S1434-4610(13)00063-1
PMID 23912150
MeSH Cell Adhesion Centrifugation Chlorella / physiology* Paramecium / cytology Paramecium / physiology* Symbiosis*
IF 1.989
Times Cited 5
Paramecium Yad1w (PB031012B) Yad1g1N (PB031010B)