Twenty-one strains of Cryptococcus neoformans isolated from patients in Taiwan were characterized for serotypes and mating types. Slide agglutination test was performed with 8 factor-specific sera (Iatron Company, Japan) to determine the serotypes. Wheat bran agar (WBA) and malt extract agar (MEA, Wickerham) media were used for the mating tests. Twenty of the isolates were of serotype A, and one was serotype B. Except for 2 strains of serotype A, all of the serotype A strains mated with Filobasidiella neoformans var. neoformans, mating type a. The only serotype B strain mated with F. neoformans var. bacillispora mating type a in MEA medium. These data revealed the low prevalence (1/21; 4.8%) of C. neoformans var. gattii in Taiwan, a subtropically located isoland.