RRC ID 3313
Author Van Houdt R, Moons P, Aertsen A, Jansen A, Vanoirbeek K, Daykin M, Williams P, Michiels CW.
Title Characterization of a luxI/luxR-type quorum sensing system and N-acyl-homoserine lactone-dependent regulation of exo-enzyme and antibacterial component production in Serratia plymuthica RVH1.
Journal Res Microbiol
Abstract Quorum sensing by means of N-acyl-l-homoserine lactones (AHLs) is widespread in Gram-negative bacteria, where diverse AHLs influence a wide variety of functions, even in a single genus such as Serratia. Here we report the identification and characterization of the quorum sensing system of Serratia plymuthica strain RVH1. This strain isolated from a raw vegetable processing line produces at least three AHLs which were identified as N-butanoyl- (C4-HSL), N-hexanoyl- (C6-HSL) and N-(3-oxo-hexanoyl)-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C6-HSL). The identified LuxI homolog SplI synthesizes 3-oxo-C6-HSL, and influences the production of C4-HSL and C6-HSL, as splI gene inactivation resulted in loss of 3-oxo-C6-HSL production and smaller amounts of C4-HSL and C6-HSL produced. SplI-dependent quorum sensing controls 2,3-butanediol fermentation (previously reported) and the production of an extracellular chitinase, nuclease, protease and antibacterial compound. The identity of the latter is not yet elucidated, but appears to be different from the known antibacterial compounds produced by Serratia strains. SplR, the homolog of the LuxR regulator, appears to act as a repressor of synthesis of extracellular enzymes and antibacterial compound and to autorepress its own expression, probably by binding to a 21bp lux box sequence.
Volume 158(2)
Pages 150-8
Published 2007-3-1
DOI 10.1016/j.resmic.2006.11.008
PII S0923-2508(06)00254-3
PMID 17258895
MeSH 4-Butyrolactone / analogs & derivatives* 4-Butyrolactone / metabolism Anti-Bacterial Agents / biosynthesis* Bacterial Proteins / physiology* Base Sequence Butylene Glycols / metabolism Chitinases / biosynthesis Enzymes / biosynthesis* Genome, Bacterial Molecular Sequence Data Quorum Sensing Repressor Proteins / physiology* Sequence Alignment Serratia / physiology* Trans-Activators / physiology* Transcription Factors / physiology* Vegetables / microbiology
IF 2.651
Times Cited 41
Prokaryotes E. coli ? ME9033 CV-24(DH5) ME7982(JM109) ME7986(MG1655) pMS255 pMS266