RRC ID 33250
Author Ikegami K, Atsumi Y, Yorinaga E, Ono H, Murayama I, Nakane Y, Ota W, Arai N, Tega A, Iigo M, Darras VM, Tsutsui K, Hayashi Y, Yoshida S, Yoshimura T.
Title Low temperature-induced circulating triiodothyronine accelerates seasonal testicular regression.
Journal Endocrinology
Abstract In temperate zones, animals restrict breeding to specific seasons to maximize the survival of their offspring. Birds have evolved highly sophisticated mechanisms of seasonal regulation, and their testicular mass can change 100-fold within a few weeks. Recent studies on Japanese quail revealed that seasonal gonadal development is regulated by central thyroid hormone activation within the hypothalamus, depending on the photoperiodic changes. By contrast, the mechanisms underlying seasonal testicular regression remain unclear. Here we show the effects of short day and low temperature on testicular regression in quail. Low temperature stimulus accelerated short day-induced testicular regression by shutting down the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis and inducing meiotic arrest and germ cell apoptosis. Induction of T3 coincided with the climax of testicular regression. Temporal gene expression analysis over the course of apoptosis revealed the suppression of LH response genes and activation of T3 response genes involved in amphibian metamorphosis within the testis. Daily ip administration of T3 mimicked the effects of low temperature stimulus on germ cell apoptosis and testicular mass. Although type 2 deiodinase, a thyroid hormone-activating enzyme, in the brown adipose tissue generates circulating T3 under low-temperature conditions in mammals, there is no distinct brown adipose tissue in birds. In birds, type 2 deiodinase is induced by low temperature exclusively in the liver, which appears to be caused by increased food consumption. We conclude that birds use low temperature-induced circulating T3 not only for adaptive thermoregulation but also to trigger apoptosis to accelerate seasonal testicular regression.
Volume 156(2)
Pages 647-59
Published 2015-2-1
DOI 10.1210/en.2014-1741
PMID 25406020
PMC PMC4298317
MeSH Animals Apoptosis Cold Temperature* Coturnix / physiology* Fasting / metabolism Gene Expression Regulation Iodide Peroxidase / metabolism Liver / enzymology Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism Male Meiosis Photoperiod* Spermatozoa / physiology Testis / physiology* Triiodothyronine / blood*
IF 3.934
Times Cited 18
Chicken / Quail