Author Ajiki T, Murakami T, Kobayashi Y, Hakamata Y, Wang J, Inoue S, Ohtsuki M, Nakagawa H, Kariya Y, Hoshino Y, Kobayashi E.
Title Long-lasting gene expression by particle-mediated intramuscular transfection modified with bupivacaine: combinatorial gene therapy with IL-12 and IL-18 cDNA against rat sarcoma at a distant site.
Journal Cancer Gene Ther.
Abstract The immune response is modulated by genetic adjuvants using plasmid vectors expressing cytokines. Skeletal muscle can express a foreign gene intramuscularly administered via a needle injection, and the potential of muscle as a target tissue for somatic gene therapy in treating cancer has been explored. In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of particle-mediated intramuscular transfection modified with a local anesthetic agent, bupivacaine, on luciferase and green fluorescent protein. The results indicate that these proteins are more efficiently expressed and persist longer in muscle modified in this way compared with the needle-injection method. Using an established rat sarcoma model, particle-mediated intramuscular gene-gun therapy with a combination of IL-12 and IL-18 cDNA was conducted. Growth of the distant sarcoma was significantly inhibited by particle-mediated intramuscular combination gene therapy, and the survival rate was also improved. Furthermore, the combination gene-gun therapy maintained significant levels of interferon-gamma and induced a high activity of tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. These results suggest that the sustained local delivery of IL-12 and IL-18 cDNA using intramuscular gene-gun therapy modified with bupivacaine can induce long-term antitumor immunity, and can provide the great advantage of inhibiting the disseminated tumor.
Volume 10(4)
Pages 318-29
Published 2003-4
DOI 10.1038/sj.cgt.7700575
PII 7700575
PMID 12679805
MeSH Anesthetics, Local / therapeutic use* Animals Biolistics* Bupivacaine / pharmacology Bupivacaine / therapeutic use* DNA, Complementary Gene Expression Genetic Therapy / methods* Injections, Intramuscular Interferon-gamma / blood Interferon-gamma / metabolism Interleukin-12 / genetics* Interleukin-12 / metabolism Interleukin-18 / genetics* Interleukin-18 / metabolism Kinetics Male Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism Plasmids / administration & dosage Rats Rats, Inbred Lew Sarcoma, Yoshida / immunology Sarcoma, Yoshida / metabolism Sarcoma, Yoshida / therapy* Th1 Cells / immunology Transfection
IF 4.044
Times Cited 19