Reference - Detail
|Author||Inoue N, Ikawa M, Nakanishi T, Matsumoto M, Nomura M, Seya T, Okabe M.|
|Title||Disruption of mouse CD46 causes an accelerated spontaneous acrosome reaction in sperm.|
|Journal||Mol. Cell. Biol.|
Human membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46) is a ubiquitously expressed protein known to protect cells from complement attack. Interestingly, when we examined the expression of mouse CD46, which we recently cloned, the message was found only in testis and the protein was found on the inner acrosomal membrane of sperm. In order to elucidate the function of CD46, we produced mice carrying a null mutation in the CD46 gene by using homologous recombination. Despite the absence of CD46, the mice were healthy and both sexes were fertile. However, to our surprise, the fertilizing ability of males appeared to be facilitated by disruption of the CD46 gene, as the average number of pups born from CD46(-/-) males was significantly greater than that of wild-type males. It was also revealed that the incidence of the spontaneous acrosome reaction doubled in CD46(-/-) sperm compared to that in wild-type sperm. It was assumed that this increase caused the heightened fertilizing ability found in CD46(-/-) sperm. These data suggest that CD46 may have some role in regulating sperm acrosome reaction.
|MeSH||Acrosome / metabolism* Acrosome Reaction / genetics* Animals Antigens, CD / biosynthesis Antigens, CD / genetics* Complement C3 / metabolism Female Fertility / genetics Gene Targeting Glycosylation Green Fluorescent Proteins Luminescent Proteins / biosynthesis Luminescent Proteins / genetics Male Membrane Cofactor Protein Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis Membrane Glycoproteins / deficiency* Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics* Mice Mice, Mutant Strains Mice, Transgenic Sperm Count Spermatozoa / metabolism Spermatozoa / pathology Spermatozoa / physiology* Testis / metabolism|
|WOS Category||BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY|
|Human and Animal Cells|