Reference - Detail
|Author||Misumi T, Tanaka T, Mikawa K, Nishina K, Morikawa O, Obara H.|
|Title||Effects of sivelestat, a new elastase inhibitor, on IL-8 and MCP-1 production from stimulated human alveolar epithelial type II cells.|
PURPOSE:The alveolar epithelial cell type II (AEC-II) is itself able to amplify lung inflammation by producing inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, leading to the activation and recruitment of phagocytes. Sivelestat, a new neutrophil elastase inhibitor, has been shown to attenuate acute lung injury in animal experiments. In the current study, we assessed the effects of sivelestat on the production of chemokines from cultured A549 cells, a human AEC-II-like cell line.
METHODS:A549 cells were stimulated with endotoxin or tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the presence of sivelestat (1-100 microg x ml(-1)). Culture supernatant levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of IL-8 and MCP-1 mRNAs in stimulated A549 cells in the presence of sivelestat (100 microg x ml(-1)) was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS:Sivelestat, at 100 microg x ml(-1) reduced the accumulation of IL-8 and MCP-1 in the culture medium. The high dose of sivelestat significantly inhibited the expression of IL-8 mRNA in A549 cells. The drug also decreased MCP-1 mRNA expression, although not significantly.
CONCLUSION:These data suggest that a high dose of sivelestat regulates the production of IL-8 and MCP-1 in AEC-II.
|MeSH||Cells, Cultured / drug effects Cells, Cultured / immunology Cells, Cultured / metabolism Chemokine CCL2 / biosynthesis* Chemokine CCL2 / drug effects Chemokine CCL2 / immunology Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Endotoxins / administration & dosage Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Epithelial Cells / drug effects* Epithelial Cells / immunology Epithelial Cells / metabolism Glycine / analogs & derivatives* Glycine / pharmacology Humans In Vitro Techniques Interleukin-8 / biosynthesis* Interleukin-8 / immunology Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods Pulmonary Alveoli / drug effects* Pulmonary Alveoli / immunology Pulmonary Alveoli / metabolism RNA, Messenger / immunology Respiratory Mucosa / drug effects Respiratory Mucosa / immunology Serine Proteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology* Sulfonamides / pharmacology* Time Factors Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / administration & dosage|
|Human and Animal Cells||A549(RCB0098)|