RRC ID 43532
Author Oki Y, Watanabe S, Endo T, Kano K.
Title Mature adipocyte-derived dedifferentiated fat cells can trans-differentiate into osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo only by all-trans retinoic acid.
Journal Cell Struct Funct
Abstract We investigated whether de-differentiated fat (DFAT) cells, a mature adipocyte-derived preadipocyte cell line, can be induced to trans-differentiate into osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo. All-trans retinoic acid (RA) induced expression of osteoblast-specific mRNAs encoding Cbfa1/Runx2, osterix, alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, parathyroid hormone receptor, and osteocalcin in the DFAT cells, but did not induce the expression of adipocyte-specific mRNAs encoding PPARgamma2, C/EBPalpha, and GLUT4. Moreover, alkaline phosphatase activity was expressed in DFAT cells and the cells underwent mineralization of the bone matrix in vitro. Furthermore, when DFAT cells were transplanted subcutaneously into C57BL/6N mice in diffusion chambers, these cells formed ectopic osteoid tissue without any host cell-invasion of the chambers. These results indicate that DFAT cells derived from mature adipocytes can be converted into fully differentiated osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo using RA. DFAT cells provide a unique model for studying the lineage commitment of the adipocytes and osteoblasts derived from mesenchymal stem cells. Identification of the pathways that regulate these processes could lead to the development of new therapeutic strategies for control of unwarranted growth of bone and adipose tissue.
Volume 33(2)
Pages 211-22
Published 2008-1-1
DOI 10.1247/csf.08038
PII JST.JSTAGE/csf/08038
PMID 19088398
MeSH Adipocytes / cytology* Adipocytes / drug effects* Adipogenesis / drug effects Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism Animals Biomarkers / metabolism Bone Transplantation Bone and Bones / drug effects Bone and Bones / metabolism Cell Dedifferentiation / drug effects* Cell Line Cell Transdifferentiation / drug effects* Cell Transplantation Extracellular Matrix / drug effects Extracellular Matrix / metabolism Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects Injections, Subcutaneous Mice Minerals / metabolism Osteoblasts / cytology* Osteoblasts / drug effects* Osteogenesis / drug effects Peritoneal Cavity / cytology RNA, Messenger / genetics RNA, Messenger / metabolism Transcription Factors / genetics Tretinoin / administration & dosage Tretinoin / pharmacology*
IF 2.429
Times Cited 50
Human and Animal Cells MC3T3-E1(RCB1126)