RRC ID 4361
Author Seki T, Shimokawa N, Iizuka H, Takagishi K, Koibuchi N.
Title Abnormalities of vertebral formation and Hox expression in congenital kyphoscoliotic rats.
Journal Mol. Cell. Biochem.
Abstract Scoliosis is a condition that involves an abnormal curvature and deformity of the spinal vertebrae. The genetic background and key gene for congenital scoliosis in humans are still poorly understood. Ishibashi rats (ISR) have congenital malformation of the lumbar vertebrae leading to kyphoscoliosis similar to that seen in humans. To understand the pathogenesis of congenital scoliosis, we have studied the abnormality of vertebral formation and the associated gene expression in ISR. Almost all ISR showed kyphosis or scoliosis of the lumbar vertebrae. In ISR with severe kyphosis, some vertebral disks were missing and some vertebral bodies were fused. Of the ISR, 27% showed hemi-lumbarization of lumbar and sacral vertebrae. Homeotic transformation of the first sacral vertebra into the seventh lumbar vertebra and the resultant loss of the fourth sacral vertebra were seen in half of the ISR. We also found unilateral fusions and deformities of primary ossification centers of the lumbar vertebral column in fetal ISR. Moreover, we observed that the expression levels of Hox10 and Hox11 paralogs in lumbo-sacral transitional areas of ISR were extremely low compared with those of normal rats. These results suggest that fusion of primary ossification centers in lumbar vertebrae in the embryonic period causes scoliosis and kyphosis and that Hox genes are involved in the occurrence of homeotic transformation in lumbo-sacral vertebrae of congenital kyphoscoliotic ISR.
Volume 312(1-2)
Pages 193-9
Published 2008-5
DOI 10.1007/s11010-008-9734-4
PMID 18327665
MeSH Animals Animals, Newborn Bone and Bones / abnormalities Embryo, Mammalian Gene Expression Homeodomain Proteins / genetics* Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism Kyphosis / complications Kyphosis / congenital* Kyphosis / genetics Rats Rats, Mutant Strains Rats, Wistar Scoliosis / complications Scoliosis / congenital* Scoliosis / genetics Spine / abnormalities* Spine / metabolism
IF 2.884
Times Cited 5
Rats IS/Kyo(strainID=5)