RRC ID 44553
Author Kawahara T, Toso C, Yamaguchi K, Cader S, Douglas DN, Nourbakhsh M, Lewis JT, Churchill TA, Yagita H, Kneteman NM.
Title Additive effect of sirolimus and anti-death receptor 5 agonistic antibody against hepatocellular carcinoma.
Journal Liver Int
Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS:Despite careful patient selection, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurs in 10-20% of cases after liver transplantation, and the use of potent adjuvant anticancer drugs would be welcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a combined therapy of rapamycin (sirolimus) and anti-death receptor (DR)5 monoclonal antibody (mAb) on HCC.
METHODS:We first assessed the side effects of anti-DR5 mAb administration in vivo by giving various doses of anti-DR5 mAb. Cell proliferation assays were then performed using mouse Hepa1-6 cells or human Huh7 cells to quantify the relative cell viability under various concentrations of sirolimus, anti-DR5 mAb or a combination. Next, one million Hepa1-6 cells were transplanted into C.B17-SCID-beige mice subcutaneously, and four groups were created: (1) untreated, (2) anti-DR5 mAb alone, (3) sirolimus alone and (4) anti-DR5 mAb + sirolimus.
RESULTS:Anti-DR5 mAb (200 and 300 μg/day) induced liver dysfunction with partial necrosis of the liver, but 100 μg/day was well tolerated with transaminitis, but normal bilirubin and only minor histological liver damage. In vitro, anti-DR5 mAb lysed Hepa1-6 and Huh7 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and combinations of sirolimus and anti-DR5 mAb demonstrated an additive effect. In vivo studies demonstrated that tumour sizes were significantly smaller in the combined therapy group than in the monotherapy groups.
CONCLUSIONS:Combining sirolimus and low-dose anti-DR5 mAb has a significant effect against HCC. This strategy represents a potential novel approach for the management of HCC.
Volume 33(9)
Pages 1441-8
Published 2013-10-1
DOI 10.1111/liv.12275
PMID 23895107
MeSH Analysis of Variance Animals Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology* Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacology* Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / drug therapy* Cell Line Cell Proliferation / drug effects Cell Survival / drug effects Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Drug Synergism Humans Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy* Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / immunology* Sirolimus / pharmacology* Tetrazolium Salts Thiazoles
IF 5.542
Times Cited 3
Human and Animal Cells