RRC ID 4674
Author Charpentier M, Bredemeier R, Wanner G, Takeda N, Schleiff E, Parniske M.
Title Lotus japonicus CASTOR and POLLUX are ion channels essential for perinuclear calcium spiking in legume root endosymbiosis.
Journal Plant Cell
Abstract The mechanism underlying perinuclear calcium spiking induced during legume root endosymbioses is largely unknown. Lotus japonicus symbiosis-defective castor and pollux mutants are impaired in perinuclear calcium spiking. Homology modeling suggested that the related proteins CASTOR and POLLUX might be ion channels. Here, we show that CASTOR and POLLUX form two independent homocomplexes in planta. CASTOR reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers exhibited ion channel activity, and the channel characteristics were altered in a symbiosis-defective mutant carrying an amino acid replacement close to the selectivity filter. Permeability ratio determination and competition experiments reveled a weak preference of CASTOR for cations such as potassium over anions. POLLUX has an identical selectivity filter region and complemented a potassium transport-deficient yeast mutant, suggesting that POLLUX is also a potassium-permeable channel. Immunogold labeling localized the endogenous CASTOR protein to the nuclear envelope of Lotus root cells. Our data are consistent with a role of CASTOR and POLLUX in modulating the nuclear envelope membrane potential. They could either trigger the opening of calcium release channels or compensate the charge release during the calcium efflux as counter ion channels.
Volume 20(12)
Pages 3467-79
Published 2008-12-1
DOI 10.1105/tpc.108.063255
PII tpc.108.063255
PMID 19106374
PMC PMC2630432
MeSH Calcium Signaling / genetics Calcium Signaling / physiology* Genetic Complementation Test Immunoblotting Ion Channels / genetics Ion Channels / metabolism* Ion Channels / physiology Lotus / genetics Lotus / metabolism* Molecular Sequence Data Nuclear Envelope / metabolism Plant Proteins / genetics Plant Proteins / metabolism* Plant Proteins / physiology Plant Roots / genetics Plant Roots / metabolism* Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics Plants, Genetically Modified / metabolism Symbiosis / genetics Symbiosis / physiology* Two-Hybrid System Techniques
IF 9.618
Times Cited 135
Lotus / Glycine Lotus japonicus