Reference - Detail
|Author||Helegbe GK, Huy NT, Yanagi T, Shuaibu MN, Yamazaki A, Kikuchi M, Yasunami M, Hirayama K.|
|Title||Rate of red blood cell destruction varies in different strains of mice infected with Plasmodium berghei-ANKA after chronic exposure.|
BACKGROUND:Severe malaria anaemia in the semi-immune individuals in the holo-endemic area has been observed to occur at low parasite density with individual variation in the responses. Thus the following has been thought to be involved: auto-immune-mediated mechanisms of uninfected red blood cell destruction, and host genetic factors to explain the differences in individual responses under the same malaria transmission. In this study, the extent of red blood cell (RBC) destruction in different strains of semi-immune mice model at relatively low parasitaemia was studied.
METHODOLOGY:To generate semi-immunity, four strains of mice were taken through several cycles of infection and treatment. By means of immunofluorescent assay and ELISA, sera were screened for anti-erythrocyte auto-antibodies, and their relationship with haematological parameters and parasitaemia in the strains of semi-immune mice was investigated.
RESULTS:Upon challenge with Plasmodium berghei ANKA after generating semi-immune status, different mean percentage haemoglobin (Hb) drop was observed in the mice strains (Balb/c = 47.1%; NZW = 30.05%; C57BL/6 = 28.44%; CBA = 25.1%), which occurred on different days for each strain (for Balb/c, mean period = 13.6 days; for C57BL/6, NZW, and CBA mean period = 10.6, 10.8, 10.9 days respectively). Binding of antibody to white ghost RBCs was observed in sera of the four strains of semi-immune mice by immunofluorescence. Mean percentage Hb drop per parasitaemia was highest in Balb/c (73.6), followed by C57BL/6 (8.6), CBA (6.9) and NZW (4.0), p = 0.0005. Consequently, auto-antibodies level to ghost RBC were correlated with degree of anaemia and were highest in Balb/c, when compared with the other strains, p < 0.001.
CONCLUSION:The results presented in this study seem to indicate that anti-RBC auto-antibodies may be involved in the destruction of uninfected RBC in semi-immune mice at relatively low parasite burden. Host genetic factors may also influence the outcome of auto-immune mediated destruction of RBC due to the variation in Hb loss per % parasitaemia and differences in antibody titer for each semi-immune mice strain. However, further studies at the molecular level ought to be carried out to confirm this.
|MeSH||Animals Antibodies, Protozoan / blood Antigens, Protozoan Autoantibodies / blood* Autoimmunity Disease Models, Animal Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Erythrocyte Membrane / immunology* Erythrocytes / immunology* Erythrocytes / parasitology Erythrocytes / pathology Immunoglobulin M / immunology Malaria / blood Malaria / immunology* Malaria / parasitology Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Inbred CBA Parasitemia / immunology* Plasmodium berghei / immunology* Reticulocyte Count Species Specificity|
|WOS Category||TROPICAL MEDICINE INFECTIOUS DISEASES PARASITOLOGY|
|Pathogenic microorganisms||Plasmodium berghei|