RRC ID 46910
Author Anzawa K, Mochizuki T, Nishibu A, Ishizaki H, Kamei K, Takahashi Y, Fujihiro M, Shinoda H.
Title Molecular epidemiology of Trichophyton tonsurans strains isolated in Japan between 2006 and 2010 and their susceptibility to oral antimycotics.
Journal Jpn J Infect Dis
Abstract Trichophyton tonsurans has been isolated among judo practitioners, wrestlers, and sumo wrestlers during an epidemic of tinea corporis and tinea capitis in Japan. A previous study using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) region of the ribosomal RNA gene revealed that different sources for the causative fungus in epidemics among judo practitioners and among wrestlers. Many different fungal strains have since been isolated from practitioners of these sports. The present study evaluated fungal characteristics of strains newly isolated between July 2006 and December 2010 using this molecular method. PCR-RFLP analysis using MvaI and AvaI was performed on 263 strains, composed of 186 isolates from judo practitioners, 32 from wrestlers, 30 from sumo wrestlers, 5 from other sports, 7 from family members or friends of the sports practitioner patients, and 3 from sporadic (non-epidemic) cases. Four molecular types, NTS I, II, III, and VII were detected. Of these, NTS I was the most predominant, occurring in 243 of 263 strains (92.4%). All of the 30 strains isolated from sumo wrestlers were classified as NTS I, suggesting that the epidemic among sumo wrestlers originated from an earlier epidemic among judo practitioners. Thirteen strains were classified as NTS II; all were related to wrestling and were isolated mainly from Chubu and Kansai areas in the central part of Honshu island. NTS III was detected in 6 strains, and one strain classified as NTS VII was isolated from a sporadic case of tinea capitis in a Peruvian immigrant. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, and griseofulvin on 10 strains of NTS I and NTS II and 4 strains of NTS III were examined; there were no differences in MIC between these molecular types.
Volume 64(6)
Pages 458-62
Published 2011-1-1
PMID 22116323
MeSH Antifungal Agents / pharmacology* Athletes Cluster Analysis DNA, Fungal / chemistry DNA, Fungal / genetics Genotype Humans Japan / epidemiology Microbial Sensitivity Tests Molecular Epidemiology Molecular Typing Mycological Typing Techniques Polymerase Chain Reaction Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length Tinea / epidemiology* Tinea / microbiology* Trichophyton / classification* Trichophyton / drug effects* Trichophyton / genetics Trichophyton / isolation & purification
IF 1.24
Times Cited 5
Pathogenic microorganisms IFM 5218