Reference - Detail
|Author||Matsumoto M, Ishige A, Yazawa Y, Kondo M, Muramatsu K, Watanabe K.|
|Title||Promotion of intestinal peristalsis by Bifidobacterium spp. capable of hydrolysing sennosides in mice.|
BACKGROUND:While there are a variety of identifiable causes of constipation, even idiopathic constipation has different possible mechanisms. Sennosides, the main laxative constituents of Daio, an ancient Kampo medicine, are prodrugs that are converted to an active principle, rheinanthrone, by intestinal microbiota. In this study, we aimed to determine the sennoside hydrolysis ability of lactic acid bacterial strains and bifidobacteria in the intestine and to investigate their effect on intestinal peristalsis in mice.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:A total of 88 lactic acid bacterial strains and 47 bifidobacterial strains were evaluated for their ability to hydrolyze sennosides. Our results revealed that 4 strains, all belonging to the genus Bifidobacterium, had strong sennoside hydrolysis ability, exhibiting a decrease of >70% of sennoside content. By thin-layer chromatography analysis, rheinanthrone was detected in the medium cultured with B. pseudocatenulatum LKM10070 and B. animalis subsp. lactis LKM512. The fecal sennoside contents significantly (P<0.001) decreased upon oral administration of these strains as compared with the control. Intestinal peristalsis activity was measured by the moved distance of the charcoal powder administered orally. The distance travelled by the charcoal powder in LKM512-treated mice was significantly longer than that of control (P<0.05). Intestinal microbiota were analysed by real-time PCR and terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The diversity of the intestinal microbiota was reduced by kanamycin treatment and the diversity was not recovered by LKM512 treatment.
CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE:We demonstrated that intestinal peristalsis was promoted by rheinanthrone produced by hydrolysis of sennoside by strain LKM512 and LKM10070.
|MeSH||Animals Anthracenes / chemistry Anthraquinones / chemistry Anthraquinones / metabolism* Bifidobacterium / metabolism* Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods Chromatography, Thin Layer / methods Female Hydrolysis Intestines / microbiology Intestines / pathology* Lactic Acid / chemistry Lactic Acid / metabolism Male Mice Peristalsis Probiotics / chemistry Senna Extract Sennosides|
|WOS Category||PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY|
|General Microbes||JCM 1002 JCM 6124 JCM 5818 JCM 1192 JCM 1194 JCM 1217 JCM 1275|