RRC ID 50067
Author Shroff A, Sequeira R, Patel V, Reddy KVR.
Title Knockout of autophagy gene, ATG5 in mice vaginal cells abrogates cytokine response and pathogen clearance during vaginal infection of Candida albicans.
Journal Cell Immunol
Abstract The female reproductive tract (FRT) presents a unique challenge to the mucosal immune system as it needs to monitor constantly for the presence of opportunistic pathogens amidst its commensal flora. During infection, autophagy plays a critical role in pathogen clearance, presentation of antigens and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, no information is available that describes the role of autophagy in mouse vaginal infection of Candida albicans. The objective of our study is to evaluate the effect of autophagy gene, ATG5 knockout in vaginal cells in response to vaginal C. albicans infection. Mice having knockout of ATG5 in the vaginal cells (PR-ATG5-KO mice) were infected intra-vaginally with the yeast form of Candida albicans. Vaginal lavages were collected once in a week until the infection was cleared. We detected the expression of autophagy marker genes (LC3, ATG5 and LAMP1) in the vaginal cells. We determined the levels of various cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-22, IL-23p19, TNF-α and G-CSF) involved in anti-candida response. The levels of cytokines in the vaginal lavages were quantified using Aimplex Premixed analyte kit. The vaginal lavages were checked for polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNLs) infiltration. The candida clearance rate from the vaginal lumen was determined by Colony Forming Units (CFUs) assay. The results revealed that PR-ATG5-KO mice failed to induce the expression of LC3, ATG5 and LAMP1 indicating an impaired autophagy pathway. The levels of all the cytokines (except IL-10) in C. albicans infected PR-ATG5-KO mice were significantly reduced as compared to the wild type infected C57BL/6 mice. The number of PMNLs infiltrated into the vaginal lavages of infected PR-ATG5-KO mice was reduced. The clearance of C. albicans from the vaginal lumen was also considerably delayed in PR-ATG5-KO mice. In conclusion, the results revealed that impaired autophagy in vaginal cells influences host response during vaginal infection of C. albicans by affecting anti-Candida cytokine levels in the vaginal lavage resulting in reduction of pathogen clearance rate.
Volume 324
Pages 59-73
Published 2018-2-1
DOI 10.1016/j.cellimm.2017.12.012
PII S0008-8749(17)30239-3
PMID 29306553
MeSH Animals Autophagy / genetics Autophagy-Related Protein 5 / genetics* Autophagy-Related Protein 5 / immunology Candida albicans / immunology* Candida albicans / pathogenicity Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / genetics Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / immunology* Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / microbiology Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / pathology Cytokines / immunology* Female Gene Knockout Techniques Interleukins / immunology Mice Mice, Knockout Neutrophils / immunology Th17 Cells / immunology
IF 4.078
Times Cited 8
Mice RBRC02975