RRC ID 50758
Author Park EA, Kim YT, Cho JH, Ryu S, Lee JH.
Title Characterization and genome analysis of novel bacteriophages infecting the opportunistic human pathogens Klebsiella oxytoca and K. pneumoniae.
Journal Arch Virol
Abstract Klebsiella is a genus of well-known opportunistic human pathogens that are associated with diabetes mellitus and chronic pulmonary obstruction; however, this pathogen is often resistant to multiple drugs. To control this pathogen, two Klebsiella-infecting phages, K. oxytoca phage PKO111 and K. pneumoniae phage PKP126, were isolated from a sewage sample. Analysis of their host range revealed that they infect K. pneumoniae and K. oxytoca, suggesting host specificity for members of the genus Klebsiella. Stability tests confirmed that the phages are stable under various temperature (4 to 60 °C) and pH (3 to 11) conditions. A challenge assay showed that PKO111 and PKP126 inhibit growth of their host strains by 2 log and 4 log, respectively. Complete genome sequencing of the phages revealed that their genome sizes are quite different (168,758 bp for PKO111 and 50,934 bp for PKP126). Their genome annotation results showed that they have no human virulence-related genes, an important safety consideration. In addition, no lysogen-formation gene cluster was detected in either phage genome, suggesting that they are both virulent phages in their bacterial hosts. Based on these results, PKO111 and PKP126 may be good candidates for development of biocontrol agents against members of the genus Klebsiella for therapeutic purposes. A comparative analysis of tail-associated gene clusters of PKO111 and PKP126 revealed relatively low homology, suggesting that they might differ in the way they recognize and infect their specific hosts.
Volume 162(4)
Pages 1129-1139
Published 2017-4-1
DOI 10.1007/s00705-016-3202-3
PII 10.1007/s00705-016-3202-3
PMID 28028618
MeSH Bacteriophages / classification Bacteriophages / genetics Bacteriophages / isolation & purification* Bacteriophages / physiology* Genome, Viral* Humans Klebsiella Infections / microbiology* Klebsiella oxytoca / physiology Klebsiella oxytoca / virology* Klebsiella pneumoniae / physiology Klebsiella pneumoniae / virology* Open Reading Frames Phylogeny Viral Proteins / genetics
IF 2.243
Times Cited 4
General Microbes JCM 2505