RRC ID 51128
Author Nakazawa S, Haramiishi A, Fukuda K, Kanayama Y, Watanabe T, Yuki M, Ohkuma M, Takeda K, Kimbara K, Shintani M.
Title Different transferability of incompatibility (Inc) P-7 plasmid pCAR1 and IncP-1 plasmid pBP136 in stirring liquid conditions.
Journal PLoS ONE
Abstract Self-transmissible plasmids are classified into two types based on their sex pili: short and rigid pili, and long and flexible pili. The transferability of two plasmids with different types of sex pili, pBP136 and pCAR1, was compared in stirring liquid conditions with different cell density. The most probable number method to count transconjugants could detect differences in the transfer frequency with higher resolution in comparison with the conventional CFU counting method. Both plasmids showed higher transfer frequency in high stirring rates than static liquid conditions when the donor and recipient density was 106-107 CFU mL-1. The probability of donor-initiated plasmid transfer was investigated by a single-cell-level analysis using a cell sorter. The probability was >36-fold higher for pBP136 than for pCAR1; thus, the simulated transfer frequency of pBP136 was much higher than that of pCAR1 in stirring liquid conditions. Nevertheless, the transfer frequency of pCAR1 was as high as that of pBP136 when the donor and recipient cell density was 106 CFU mL-1. This fact indicates that the lower probability of the donor pCAR1 to initiate transfer could be overcome by its high tolerance to the shearing force between donor and recipient cells under higher stirring liquid conditions. Our findings can explain the different survival strategies of these two types of plasmids based on their preferences of transfer conditions.
Volume 12(10)
Pages e0186248
Published 2017-10-12
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0186248
PII PONE-D-17-23776
PMID 29023575
PMC PMC5638413
MeSH Conjugation, Genetic Gene Transfer, Horizontal Pili, Sex / physiology Plasmids / genetics* Pseudomonas putida / genetics
IF 2.766
General Microbes JCM 31838 JCM 31839 JCM 31840