RRC ID 525
Author Fujimoto H, Hirukawa Y, Tani H, Matsuura Y, Hashido K, Tsuchida K, Takada N, Kobayashi M, Maekawa H.
Title Integration of the 5' end of the retrotransposon, R2Bm, can be complemented by homologous recombination.
Journal Nucleic Acids Res
Abstract R2Bm is a non-long-terminal-repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposon that was identified at a specific target site in the 28S rRNA genes of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Although in vitro analysis has revealed that the 3' end of R2Bm is integrated into the target site by means of target-primed reverse transcription (TPRT), the mechanism of the 5' end integration is not well understood. We established a novel in vivo system to assay the insertion mechanism of R2Bm using a cultured cell line, C65, and a baculovirus, AcNPV, as host and vector, respectively. The 3' end of R2Bm integrated at the target site in the rRNA genes of C65 cells when an AcNPV containing both the full-length 3' UTR and the entire open reading frame (ORF) of R2Bm was introduced while the 5' end integration was incorrect. The 5' end of R2Bm was integrated, however, when the 28S gene sequence upstream of the R2Bm target site was added to the R2Bm sequence. Thus, in our assay, homologous sequences were likely essential for the successful integration of the entire R2Bm into the host cell genome. We also demonstrated that the failure to integrate caused by a frame-shifted ORF was rescued by co-infection with a helper virus that contained only the R2Bm ORF. This indicates that R2 retrotransposition can be complemented in trans. These findings suggest that the host's mechanism for DNA repair may be necessary for the integration of the 5' end of R2Bm and that R2Bm protein may only have the ability to integrate the 3' end of the element by TPRT.
Volume 32(4)
Pages 1555-65
Published 2004-1-1
DOI 10.1093/nar/gkh304
PII 32/4/1555
PMID 14999096
PMC PMC390292
MeSH Animals Cell Line DNA Repair Frameshift Mutation Genome Helper Viruses / genetics Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Insertional* Recombination, Genetic* Retroelements* Transcription, Genetic
IF 11.502
Times Cited 15
Silkworms w30 EST database