RRC ID 53106
Author Toyoshima M, Sato N.
Title Optimization of triacylglycerol and starch production in Chlamydomonas debaryana NIES-2212 with regard to light intensity and CO2 concentration.
Journal Microbiology (Reading)
Abstract Triacylglycerol (TAG) and starch produced by micro-algae are potential sources of biofuel. Our previous studies showed that the unicellular green alga, Chlamydomonas debaryana NIES-2212, which is a rare species of Chlamydomonas that possesses phosphatidylcholine (PC), is a seed organism for the development of biofuel producers. This alga accumulates large amounts of TAG and starch under completely photo-autotrophic conditions during stationary phase without nutrient deprivation. The present study was performed to optimize the growth conditions of this alga with regard to light intensity and CO2 concentration to improve the efficiency of TAG and starch production. The growth rate of C. debaryana was greater at higher light intensity, although there was no significant difference in the final cell density of the culture. The highest contents of TAG and starch, approximately 200 fmol cell-1 and 600 pg cell-1, respectively, were achieved with a light intensity of 200 µmol m-2 s-1 bubbled with air containing 5.0 % CO2. These results suggest that optimization of light intensity and CO2 concentration can enhance the productivity of TAG and starch by C. debaryana NIES-2212.
Volume 164(3)
Pages 359-368
Published 2018-3-1
DOI 10.1099/mic.0.000603
PMID 29458672
MeSH Autotrophic Processes Biofuels Carbon Dioxide / chemistry* Chlamydomonas / growth & development Chlamydomonas / metabolism* Fatty Acids / analysis Light* Lipid Droplets / metabolism Photosynthesis Starch / biosynthesis* Starch / chemistry Starch / metabolism Triglycerides / biosynthesis* Triglycerides / chemistry Triglycerides / metabolism
IF 2.138
Times Cited 1
Algae NIES-2212