RRC ID 54535
Author Borna NN, Kishita Y, Kohda M, Lim SC, Shimura M, Wu Y, Mogushi K, Yatsuka Y, Harashima H, Hisatomi Y, Fushimi T, Ichimoto K, Murayama K, Ohtake A, Okazaki Y.
Title Mitochondrial ribosomal protein PTCD3 mutations cause oxidative phosphorylation defects with Leigh syndrome.
Journal Neurogenetics
Abstract Pentatricopeptide repeat domain proteins are a large family of RNA-binding proteins involved in mitochondrial RNA editing, stability, and translation. Mitochondrial translation machinery defects are an expanding group of genetic diseases in humans. We describe a patient who presented with low birth weight, mental retardation, and optic atrophy. Brain MRI showed abnormal bilateral signals at the basal ganglia and brainstem, and the patient was diagnosed as Leigh syndrome. Exome sequencing revealed two potentially loss-of-function variants [c.415-2A>G, and c.1747_1748insCT (p.Phe583Serfs*3)] in PTCD3 (also known as MRPS39). PTCD3, a member of the pentatricopeptide repeat domain protein family, is a component of the small mitoribosomal subunit. The patient had marked decreases in mitochondrial complex I and IV levels and activities, oxygen consumption and ATP biosynthesis, and generalized mitochondrial translation defects in fibroblasts. Quantitative proteomic analysis revealed decreased levels of the small mitoribosomal subunits. Complementation experiments rescued oxidative phosphorylation complex I and IV levels and activities, ATP biosynthesis, and MT-RNR1 rRNA transcript level, providing functional validation of the pathogenicity of identified variants. This is the first report of an association of PTCD3 mutations with Leigh syndrome along with combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiencies caused by defects in the mitochondrial translation machinery.
Volume 20(1)
Pages 9-25
Published 2019-3-1
DOI 10.1007/s10048-018-0561-9
PII 10.1007/s10048-018-0561-9
PMID 30607703
MeSH Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics* Female Humans Leigh Disease / genetics* Mitochondria / genetics Mutation / genetics* Oxidative Phosphorylation* Pedigree RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
IF 3.017
Times Cited 4
DNA material CS-CA-MCS (RDB05963)