RRC ID 56328
Author Murai H, Tadokoro R, Sakai K, Takahashi Y.
Title In ovo gene manipulation of melanocytes and their adjacent keratinocytes during skin pigmentation of chicken embryos.
Journal Dev Growth Differ
Abstract During skin pigmentation in avians and mammalians, melanin is synthesized in the melanocytes, and subsequently transferred to adjacently located keratinocytes, leading to a wide coverage of the body surface by melanin-containing cells. The behavior of melanocytes is influenced by keratinocytes shown mostly by in vitro studies. However, it has poorly been investigated how such intercellular cross-talk is regulated in vivo because of a lack of suitable experimental models. Using chicken embryos, we developed a method that enables in vivo gene manipulations of melanocytes and keratinocytes, where these cells are separately labeled by different genes. Two types of gene transfer techniques were combined: one was a retrovirus-mediated gene infection into the skin/keratinocytes, and the other was the in ovo DNA electroporation into neural crest cells, the origin of melanocytes. Since the Replication-Competent Avian sarcoma-leukosis virus long terminal repeat with Splice acceptor (RCAS) infection was available only for the White leghorn strain showing little pigmentation, melanocytes prepared from the Hypeco nera (pigmented) were back-transplanted into embryos of White leghorn. Prior to the transplantation, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)(+) Neo(r+) -electroporated melanocytes from Hypeco nera were selectively grown in G418-supplemented medium. In the skin of recipient White leghorn embryos infected with RCAS-mOrange, mOrange(+) keratinocytes and transplanted EGFP(+) melanocytes were frequently juxtaposed each other. High-resolution confocal microscopy also revealed that transplanted melanocytes exhibited normal behaviors regarding distribution patterns of melanocytes, dendrite morphology, and melanosome transfer. The method described in this study will serve as a useful tool to understand the mechanisms underlying intercellular regulations during skin pigmentation in vivo.
Volume 57(3)
Pages 232-41
Published 2015-4
DOI 10.1111/dgd.12201
PMID 25739909
MeSH Animals Chick Embryo Electroporation Gene Transfer Techniques Genetic Vectors / genetics Green Fluorescent Proteins Immunohistochemistry Keratinocytes / physiology* Luminescent Proteins Melanins / biosynthesis Melanocytes / physiology* Microscopy, Confocal Ovum / cytology* Ovum / metabolism Retroviridae Skin Pigmentation / physiology*
IF 1.638
Times Cited 10
Resource
Chicken / Quail