RRC ID 56619
Author Kodama Y.
Title Localization of attachment area of the symbiotic Chlorella variabilis of the ciliate Paramecium bursaria during the algal removal and reinfection
Journal Symbiosis
Abstract Chlorella spp. and ciliate Paramecium bursaria share a mutual symbiosis. However, both alga-removed P. bursaria and isolated symbiotic algae can grow independently. Additionally, mixing them experimentally can cause algal reinfection through host phagocytosis. Although the symbiotic algal localization beneath the host cell cortex is a prerequisite phenomenon for maintenance of the relationship of their endosymbiosis, how and where the algae locate beneath the host cell cortex remains unknown. To elucidate this phenomenon, algal distribution patterns during algal removal and reinfection were observed. During algal removal, algae at the host anterior cortex were easier to remove than at the posterior and ventral or dorsal cortex areas. During algal reinfection, the algae after separation from the host digestive vacuoles tended to localize beneath the host ventral or dorsal cortex more readily than that at other cortices. Algae that reinfected trichocyst-removed paramecia didn’t show this localization. Trichocyst-discharge experiments clarified that trichocysts of the anterior cortex are difficult to remove. In 14 strains of P. bursaria, some of the paramecia lacked their symbiotic algae at the anterior cortex. These observations demonstrate that symbiotic algae of P. bursaria are difficult to localize at the anterior cortex and that they are easy to remove from the area.
Volume 60
Pages 25-36
Published 2013-3-6
DOI 10.1007/s13199-013-0233-3
IF 1.78
Times Cited 5
Paramecium Yad1g1N (PB031010B) Yad1w (PB031012B) Yad1g1N (PB031010B) OS1g1N (PB034002A) OS1w (PB034006A)