RRC ID 57007
Author Ishii T, Ishikawa R.
Title Domestication Loci Controlling Panicle Shape, Seed Shattering, and Seed Awning
Journal Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding
Abstract Cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) was domesticated from the Asian wild species, Oryza rufipogon Griff. Among morphological differences between them, one of the striking traits specific to cultivated rice is loss of seed shattering. In the early stage of rice domestication, the related traits of this character have been desirable for the ancient seed gatherers because it enhances the efficiency of seed collection. In this chapter, we propose that three morphological traits, closed panicle shape, non-seed shattering, and seed awning, played important roles in controlling the degree of seed dispersal. First, we reviewed domestication loci controlling the three traits. We then evaluated allele effects at these loci using reciprocal backcross populations between O. sativa Nipponbare and our standard wild accession of O. rufipogon W630. In the genetic background of cultivated rice, all the wild functional alleles were responsible for these domestication traits. On the other hand, cultivated non-functional alleles were not always associated with the drastic morphological changes in the genetic background of wild rice. Since ancient humans have selected cultivated-type mutants in natural wild populations, possible domestication process for the emergence of cultivated rice is discussed based on the effects of cultivated non-functional alleles.
Published 2018-1-1
DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-7461-5_12
Rice W0630