RRC ID 57370
Author Iliadi KG, Iliadi N, Boulianne GL.
Title Drosophila mutants lacking octopamine exhibit impairment in aversive olfactory associative learning.
Journal Eur J Neurosci
Abstract Octopamine is a biogenic amine in invertebrates that is considered a functional homolog of vertebrate norepinephrine, acting as a neurotransmitter, neuromodulator and neurohormone. Octopamine regulates many physiological processes such as metabolism, reproduction and different types of behaviour including learning and memory. Previous studies in insects led to the notion that acquisition of an olfactory memory depends on the octopaminergic system during appetitive (reward-based) learning, but not in the case of aversive (punishment-based) learning. Here, we provide several lines of evidence demonstrating that aversive associative olfactory learning in Drosophila is also dependent on octopamine signalling. Specifically, we used Drosophila Tβh (tyramine-β-hydroxylase) mutants, which lack octopamine and are female sterile, to determine whether octopamine plays a role in aversive learning. We show that Tβh mutant flies exhibit a significant reduction in learning compared to control lines that is independent of either genetic background or the methods used to induce aversive olfactory memory. We also show that the learning deficits observed in Tβh mutants are not due to defects in sensorimotor behaviours. Finally, to unambiguously demonstrate that octopamine synthesis plays a role in aversive olfactory learning, we performed rescue experiments using the Gal4/UAS system. We show that expression of UAS-Tβh in octopamine/tyraminergic neurons using Tdc2-Gal4 in Tβh null mutant flies fully rescued both the aversive learning defects and female sterility observed in Tβh mutants.
Volume 46(5)
Pages 2080-2087
Published 2017-9-1
DOI 10.1111/ejn.13654
PMID 28715094
MeSH Animals Animals, Genetically Modified Appetitive Behavior / physiology Association Learning / physiology* Avoidance Learning / physiology* Conditioning, Classical / physiology* Drosophila Female Male Memory / physiology Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism Neurons / physiology Octopamine / deficiency* Olfactory Perception / physiology*
IF 2.784
Times Cited 12