RRC ID 57809
Author Franco ME, Hill BN, Brooks BW, Lavado R.
Title Prymnesium parvum differentially triggers sublethal fish antioxidant responses in vitro among salinity and nutrient conditions.
Journal Aquat Toxicol
Abstract Significant fish kills have been attributed to Prymnesium parvum in coastal and inland waters around the world. However, specific mechanisms responsible for adverse outcomes resulting from this harmful algal bloom (HAB) species remain unclear, though the gill has previously been identified as an important target organ. In the present study, an in vitro approach was used to examine cytotoxicity and antioxidant responses in fish liver (Hepa-E1 and PLHC-1) and gill (G1B and RTgill-W1) cell lines, following exposure to P. parvum grown at different salinities and nutrient concentrations, which can influence the magnitude of acute toxicity. Cultures from high salinity compromised survival of hepatic cell lines exposed to high dilutions, whereas no significant cytotoxicity was observed for gill cell lines. With respect to control groups, catalase showed significant activity in both gill cell lines, especially RTgill-W1, following exposure to high salinity cultures. High levels of superoxide dismutase were measured in Hepa-E1 cells exposed to all experimental treatment combinations and in RTgill-W1 cells following exposure to high salinity conditions, with respect to non-exposed cells Glutathione peroxidase activity was also detected at significant levels in Hepa-E1 cells after exposure to cultures from high salinity and the low salinity X low nutrients. Slight GPx increases were only observed in PLHC-1 and G1B exposed to P. parvum grown at high salinity. These results suggest that: 1. specific combinations of salinity and nutrient levels may contribute to production and potency of P. parvum toxins resulting in sub-lethal effects, and 2. sub-lethal responses are more prominent than cytotoxicity, and that oxidative stress may be a significant adverse effect of toxins produced by P. parvum.
Volume 213
Pages 105214
Published 2019-8-1
DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2019.05.016
PII S0166-445X(19)30329-7
PMID 31185429
MeSH Animals Antioxidants / metabolism* Catalase / metabolism Cell Death Cell Line Fishes / metabolism* Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism Haptophyta / physiology* Hemolysis Models, Biological Nutrients* Salinity* Sheep Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism Water Pollutants, Chemical / toxicity
IF 4.346
Times Cited 3
Human and Animal Cells Hepa-E1(RCB1155)