RRC ID 59066
Author Shimokawa-Chiba N, Müller C, Fujiwara K, Beckert B, Ito K, Wilson DN, Chiba S.
Title Release factor-dependent ribosome rescue by BrfA in the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis.
Journal Nat Commun
Abstract Rescue of the ribosomes from dead-end translation complexes, such as those on truncated (non-stop) mRNA, is essential for the cell. Whereas bacteria use trans-translation for ribosome rescue, some Gram-negative species possess alternative and release factor (RF)-dependent rescue factors, which enable an RF to catalyze stop-codon-independent polypeptide release. We now discover that the Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis has an evolutionarily distinct ribosome rescue factor named BrfA. Genetic analysis shows that B. subtilis requires the function of either trans-translation or BrfA for growth, even in the absence of proteotoxic stresses. Biochemical and cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) characterization demonstrates that BrfA binds to non-stop stalled ribosomes, recruits homologous RF2, but not RF1, and induces its transition into an open active conformation. Although BrfA is distinct from E. coli ArfA, they use convergent strategies in terms of mode of action and expression regulation, indicating that many bacteria may have evolved as yet unidentified ribosome rescue systems.
Volume 10(1)
Pages 5397
Published 2019-11-27
DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-13408-7
PII 10.1038/s41467-019-13408-7
PMID 31776341
PMC PMC6881298
MeSH Bacillus subtilis / genetics* Bacillus subtilis / metabolism Bacterial Proteins / chemistry Bacterial Proteins / genetics Bacterial Proteins / metabolism* CRISPR-Cas Systems Cryoelectron Microscopy Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial Microorganisms, Genetically-Modified Peptide Termination Factors / chemistry Peptide Termination Factors / genetics Peptide Termination Factors / metabolism Protein Biosynthesis Protein Conformation RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl / metabolism RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics Ribosomes / genetics Ribosomes / metabolism*
IF 11.878
Times Cited 1
Prokaryotes B. subtilis BKE library