RRC ID 59088
Author Miyake Y, Yamamoto K.
Title Epistatic Effect of Regulators to the Adaptive Growth of Escherichia coli.
Journal Sci Rep
Abstract Bacteria survive in the environment with three steps: a sensing environmental conditions, a responding to sensed signals, and an adaptation for proper survival in the environment. An adapting bacterial cell occurs cell division to increase the number of sister cells, termed adaptive growth. Two-component systems (TCSs), representing the main bacterial signal transduction systems, consist of a pair of one sensor kinase (SK) and one response regulator (RR), and RR genes are abundant in most bacterial genomes as part of the core genome. The OmpR gene family, a group of RR genes, is conserved in 95% of known bacterial genomes. The Escherichia coli genome has an estimated 34 RR genes in total, including 14 genes of OmpR family genes. To reveal the contribution of TCSs for fast growth as an adaptive growth strategy of E. coli, we isolated a set of gene knockout strains by using newly developed genome editing technology, the HoSeI (Homologous Sequence Integration) method, based on CRISPR-Cas9. The statistics of single cell observation show a knockout of an arbitrary pair of phoP, phoB, and ompR genes, stably expressed by positive feedback regulation, dramatically inhibit the optimum adaptive growth of E. coli. These insights suggest that the adaptive growth of bacteria is fulfilled by the optimum high intracellular level of regulators acquired during growth under environmental conditions.
Volume 10(1)
Pages 3661
Published 2020-2-27
DOI 10.1038/s41598-020-60353-3
PII 10.1038/s41598-020-60353-3
PMID 32108145
PMC PMC7046781
MeSH Adaptation, Biological / genetics* Epistasis, Genetic* Escherichia coli* / genetics Escherichia coli* / growth & development Escherichia coli Proteins* / biosynthesis Escherichia coli Proteins* / genetics Gene Editing Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial* Genome, Bacterial*
IF 4.011
Prokaryotes E. coli MG1655 psgRNA