RRC ID 60294
Author Asai N, Suematsu H, Yamada A, Watanabe H, Nishiyama N, Sakanashi D, Kato H, Shiota A, Hagihara M, Koizumi Y, Yamagishi Y, Mikamo H.
Title Brevibacterium paucivorans bacteremia: case report and review of the literature.
Journal BMC Infect. Dis.
Abstract BACKGROUND:Brevibacteria are obligate aerobic gram-positive rods that are associated with milk products and are also found on human skin. Brevibacterium has been reported as a rare cause of catheter related blood steam infection mainly in immunocompromised hosts such as malignancies or AIDS patients.
CASE PRESENTATION:A 94-year old woman, which had a past history of diabetes mellitus and chronic heart failure, presented with high fever associated with decreased oral intake and appetite loss and was admitted to our institute. A physical examination at the time of presentation was unremarkable. On day 2, both blood cultures collected on admission became positive with coryneform organism within 24 h without Staphylococci and Brevibacterium species were identified by Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Subsequently, genetic investigation by 16S ribosomal RNA analysis was performed in order to identify the organism. Finally, the result identified this pathogen as Brevibacterium paucivorans with 99.5% homology on the Ez taxon database. The patient was started empirically on meropenem and teicoplanin for broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage. The patient's fever finally abated and labs were also improved. On day 14, the antibiotic therapy was discontinued. The site of infections was unknown. We hereby report a case of Brevibacterium paicivorans bacteremia in an immunocompetent patient and review cases of Brevibacterium specises bacteremia previously reported. This is the first case of B. paucivorans bacteremia as far as we could search.
CONCLUSION:Physicians and microbiologists should be aware that Brevibacteria are uncommon but important agents which could cause opportunistic infections in immunocompetent.
Volume 19(1)
Pages 344
Published 2019-4-25
DOI 10.1186/s12879-019-3962-y
PII 10.1186/s12879-019-3962-y
PMID 31023246
PMC PMC6485150
MeSH Actinomycetales Infections* / diagnosis Actinomycetales Infections* / drug therapy Actinomycetales Infections* / microbiology Aged, 80 and over Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use Bacteremia* / diagnosis Bacteremia* / drug therapy Bacteremia* / microbiology Brevibacterium / genetics* DNA, Bacterial / genetics Female Humans Molecular Typing RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
IF 2.565
General Microbes JCM11567 JCM2594