RRC ID 63158
Author Yahiro K, Ogura K, Goto Y, Iyoda S, Kobayashi T, Takeuchi H, Ohnishi M, Moss J.
Title Subtilase cytotoxin induces a novel form of Lipocalin 2, which promotes Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli survival.
Journal Sci Rep
Abstract Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) infection causes severe bloody diarrhea, renal failure, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Recent studies showed global increases in Locus for Enterocyte Effacement (LEE)-negative STEC infection. Some LEE-negative STEC produce Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB), which cleaves endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone protein BiP, inducing ER stress and apoptotic cell death. In this study, we report that SubAB induces expression of a novel form of Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), and describe its biological activity and effects on apoptotic cell death. SubAB induced expression of a novel LCN2, which was regulated by PRKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase via the C/EBP homologous protein pathway. SubAB-induced novel-sized LCN2 was not secreted into the culture supernatant. Increased intracellular iron level by addition of holo-transferrin or FeCl3 suppressed SubAB-induced PARP cleavage. Normal-sized FLAG-tagged LCN2 suppressed STEC growth, but this effect was not seen in the presence of SubAB- or tunicamycin-induced unglycosylated FLAG-tagged LCN2. Our study demonstrates that SubAB-induced novel-sized LCN2 does not have anti-STEC activity, suggesting that SubAB plays a crucial role in the survival of LEE-negative STEC as well as inducing apoptosis of the host cells.
Volume 10(1)
Pages 18943
Published 2020-11-3
DOI 10.1038/s41598-020-76027-z
PII 10.1038/s41598-020-76027-z
PMID 33144618
PMC PMC7609767
MeSH Cell Biology Communicable Diseases / microbiology Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism* Glycomics Lipocalin-2 / metabolism* Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli / metabolism Subtilisins / metabolism*
IF 3.998
Human and Animal Cells RAW 264(RCB0535) HeLa(RCB0007)