RRC ID 63339
Author Ono A, Hiwasa-Tanase K, Nonaka S, Ezura H
Title The accumulation of recombinant miraculin is independent of fruit size in tomato
Journal Plant Biotechnology
Abstract The taste-modifying protein miraculin (MIR) has received increasing interest as a new low-calorie sweetener. In our previous study using the tomato variety ‘Micro-Tom,’ it was shown that in transgenic tomatoes in which MIR was expressed by using the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (p35S) and a heat shock protein terminator (tHSP) cassette (p35S-MIR-tHSP), higher levels of miraculin accumulated than when MIR was driven by the nopaline synthase terminator (tNOS) cassette (p35S-MIR-tNOS). ‘Micro-Tom’ is a dwarf tomato used for research and shows a low yield. To achieve high productivity of MIR, it is essential to improve the MIR accumulation potential by using high-yielding cultivars. In this study, we evaluate whether the high MIR accumulation trait mediated by the tHSP appears even when fruit size increases. A line in which the p35S-MIR-tHSP cassette was introduced into a high-yielding variety was bred by backcrossing. The line homozygous for MIR showed higher accumulation of MIR than the heterozygous line. Despite large differences in fruit size, the MIR level in the backcross line was similar to that in the p35S-MIR-tHSP line (background ‘Micro-Tom’). It was approximately 3.1 times and 4.0 times higher than those in miracle fruits and the p35S-MIR-tNOS tomato line 5B (‘Moneymaker’ background, which exhibits the highest miraculin productivity achieved thus far), respectively. These results demonstrate that the high MIR accumulation trait mediated by the tHSP appears even when fruit size is increased.
Pages 20.0904a
Published 2021-1-30
DOI 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.20.0904a
IF 0.901
Tomato TOMJPF00001 (Micro-Tom)