Reference - Detail
|Author||Sung TC, Jiang YP, Hsu JY, Ling QD, Chen H, Kumar SS, Chang Y, Hsu ST, Ye Q, Higuchi A.|
|Title||Transient characteristics of universal cells on human-induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiated cells derived from foetal stem cells with mixed donor sources.|
INTRODUCTION:It is important to prepare 'hypoimmunogenic' or 'universal' human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) with gene-editing technology by knocking out or in immune-related genes, because only a few hypoimmunogenic or universal hPSC lines would be sufficient to store for their off-the-shelf use. However, these hypoimmunogenic or universal hPSCs prepared previously were all genetically edited, which makes laborious processes to check and evaluate no abnormal gene editing of hPSCs.
METHODS:Universal human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were generated without gene editing, which were reprogrammed from foetal stem cells (human amniotic fluid stem cells) with mixing 2-5 allogenic donors but not with single donor. We evaluated human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-expressing class Ia and class II of our hiPSCs and their differentiated cells into embryoid bodies, cardiomyocytes and mesenchymal stem cells. We further evaluated immunogenic response of transient universal hiPSCs with allogenic mononuclear cells from survival rate and cytokine production, which were generated by the cells due to immunogenic reactions.
RESULTS:Our universal hiPSCs during passages 10-25 did not have immunogenic reaction from allogenic mononuclear cells even after differentiation into cardiomyocytes, embryoid bodies and mesenchymal stem cells. Furthermore, the cells including the differentiated cells did not express HLA class Ia and class II. Cardiomyocytes differentiated from transient universal hiPSCs at passage 21-22 survived and continued beating even after treatment with allogenic mononuclear cells.
|MeSH||Cell Differentiation / physiology* Embryoid Bodies / cytology Fetal Stem Cells / cytology* Gene Editing / methods Humans Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology* Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology* Myocytes, Cardiac / cytology Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*|
|Human and Animal Cells||454E2(HPS0077)|